The benefits of nanotechnology and nanomaterial could be exploited in protective equipment manufacturing by using nanocomposites and nano-scale fibers, functional nanoparticles, novel surface treatments, and coatings that could potentially provide improved protection and efficacy.
Micellium TECHNOLOGY with bioactive nanoparticles will be a future foundation of personal protective equipment that will yield a range of new properties to save more lives and prevent more injuries, diseases, etc. especially protect users from dangerous viral and bacterial infection.
WAKAMONO Medical/Surgical Mask is one of these Nano-biotechnology applications. Introducing nanoparticles into the medical masks endows them with potent antiviral properties (effective up to 99% against SARS-CoV-2*) without altering their physical barrier properties. The use of Wakamono Medical Masks significantly reduce viral transmission and become a powerful tool available to curb the rising COVID-19 pandemic.
Nanotechnology and nanomaterial are expected to be promising in many fields of medical applications,mainly in cancer treatment. One application of nanotechnology in medicine currently being developed involves employing nanoparticles to deliver drugs, heat, light or other substances to specific types of cells (such as cancer cells).
Technology with Nanoparticles are engineered so that they are attracted to diseased cells, which allow direct treatment of those cells. Targeting delivery of drugs to the diseased lesions is one of the most important aspects of drug delivery system. This technique reduces damage to healthy cells in the body and allows for earlier detection of disease.
The reduction of drug particles into the sub-micron range leads to a significant increase in the dissolution rate and therefore enhances bioavailability.
Therefore, nanoparticles can be used in targeted drug delivery at the site of disease to improve the uptake of poorly soluable drugs, the targeting of drugs to a specific site, and drug bioavailability.
Nanotechnology offers complete food solutions from food manufacturing, processing to packaging. Successful applications of nanotechnology to foods are limited. Nanotechnology can be used to enhance food flavor and texture, to reduce fat content, or to encapsulate nutrients, such as vitamins, to ensure they do not degrade during a product’s shelf life.
Technology with Nanoparticles processed in food will help the user increase immunity, increase calcium absorption, heal osteoporosis, increase nutrient uptake. Nanotechnology also has the potential to improve food processing using enzymes to provide nutritional and health benefits to users. In addition, nanotechnology has been used in the production of anti-cancer foods as well as for other chronic diseases.
The applications of nanotechnology and nanomaterial can be found in many cosmetic products including moisturisers, hair care products, make up and sunscreen.
The nanoformulations of these materials have been shown repeatedly to give much better performance than larger particles, reflecting visible light and absorbing UV with very high efficiency.
A wide range of nanostructures have been proposed as delivery mechanisms for cosmetic ingredients in moisturisers, anti-ageing creams, and other skincare products.
Lipid nanoparticles are particularly effective, as they can merge with the lipid bilayer in cell membranes, facilitating the delivery of compounds which would otherwise not be able to enter the cell. They provide the additional benefit of being totally non-toxic and biocompatible.
Nanoparticles can improve the restriction of essential oils: stability of essential oils in air, light, humidity and high temperatures, which can lead to rapid evaporation and alteration of active components.
In addition, nanoparticles are safer, more controlled release, and distribute more active ingredients, reducing toxic side effects, increasing water solubility, and increasing bioavailability. In particular, nano-grade essential oils have been shown to increase antimicrobial properties, which are used in food preservation, saunas, etc.
Attempts to apply nanotechnology in agriculture began with the growing realization that conventional farming technologies would neither be able to increase productivity any further nor restore ecosystems damaged by existing technologies back to their pristine state; in particular because the long-term effects of farming with “miracle seeds”, in conjunction with irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides, have been questioned both at the scientific and policy levels, and must be gradually phased out.
The ability to investigate substances at the molecular level has boosted the search for materials with outstanding properties for use in medicine. The application of these novel materials has generated the new research field of nanobiotechnology, which plays a central role in disease diagnosis, drug design and delivery, and implants for specific biomedical applications. The chemical and physical properties of the surface of these materials allow their use in diagnosis, biosensing and bioimaging devices, drug delivery systems, and bone substitute implants.
The materials commonly used to develop these nanotechnology products are inorganic and metal nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, liposomes, and metallic surfaces (Liu et al. 2016a). By using chemical or physical methods and taking advantage of specific biological reactions, such as the antibody–antigen interaction, receptor–ligand interaction, and DNA–DNA hybridization, it is possible to conjugate biospecific molecules with nanoparticles. Surface chemistry (composition) (Castner and Ratner 2002; Moyano and Rotello 2011), surface physics (topography and roughness) (McNamara et al. 2010; Yim et al. 2010), surface thermodynamics (wettability and free energy) (Menzies and Jones 2010), and their toxicological effects determine the specific application of nanomaterials.
Nanomaterials exhibit special physical and chemical properties that make them interesting for novel, environmentally friendly products.
Examples include the increased durability of materials against mechanical stress or weathering, nanotechnology-based dirt- and water-resistant coatings to reduce cleaning efforts; novel insulation materials to improve the energy efficiency of buildings; adding nanoparticles to a material to reduce weight and save energy during transport.
In the chemical industry sector, nanomaterials are applied based on their special catalytic properties in order to boost energy and resource efficiency, and nanomaterials can replace environmentally problematic chemicals in certain fields of application.
High hopes are being placed in nanotechnologically optimized products and processes for energy production and storage; these are currently in the development phase and are slated to contribute significantly to climate protection and solving our energy problems in the future.